O1 Oil Hardening Tool Steel
Technical Data Sheet

O1 Tool Steel is a general purpose oil-hardening tool and die steel. Normal care in heat treatment gives good results in hardening and produces small dimensional changes. O1 has good abrasion resistance and sufficient toughness for a wide variety of tool and die applications.

TYPICAL CHEMISTRY: C 0.90 Mn 1.20 V 0.20 W 0.50 Cr 0.50

MACHINABILITY When properly annealed, O1 has a machinability rating of 90 when compared to a 1% Carbon Steel rated at 100.

DIMENSIONAL STABILITY : When oil quenched from the proper hardening temperature, this grade can be expected to expand approximately .0015 in. per in. Note: Distortion (bending, bowing and twisting) and part geometry can add to the variations in movement of a part being hardened.

THERMAL CYCLING: In order to avoid decarburization, this grade should be annealed and/or hardened in a controlled neutral atmosphere, vacuum or neutral salt furnace environment.

  1. Anneal: Heat slowly to 1450° F, soak thoroughly. Cool 25° F per hour to 900° F. Air cool to room temperature. Approximate annealed hardness, 221 Maximum Brinell.
  2. Stress Relief of Unhardened Material: Heat slowly to 1250° F. Soak for two hours per inch of thickness at heat. Slow cool (furnace cool if possible) to room temperature.
  3. Hardening:
    1. Preheat: Heat to 1200° F, and hold at this temperature until thoroughly soaked.
    2. Harden: Heat to 1475 to 1500° F. Soak at heat for 30 minutes per inch of thickness.
    3. Quench: Oil quench to 150 to 200° F. Temper immediately.
    4. Temper: Normally oil hardening steels need to be single tempered only. However, double tempering may sometimes be preferred. Soak at heat for 2 hours per inch of thickness for each temper. Air cool to room temperature between tempers. The normal tempering range for this grade is 300 to 450° F.
    Temper° F
    Rockwell "C"
    Temper° F
    Rockwell "C"
    As-quenched
    64/65
    700
    53
    350
    62/63
    800
    50
    400
    62
    900
    47
    500
    60
    1000
    44
    600
    57
    1100
    39
    1" diameter specimens, oil quenched quenched from 1475° F.
The values shown in this data sheet are to be used as a guide for estimating purposes only.

 

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